Session 2A. Inequality and inclusiveness: Long term scenarios and robust policy response

Inequality and poverty are major determinant of the perpetuation of food insecurity and malnutrition, and must be understood within a complex interaction of power balances and gender dynamics regarding access to household resources and upward socioeconomic mobility. Yet they are often ignored in foresight studies on FNS, even at the basic level of income distribution. How will changes in the income distribution, particularly in Africa over the coming 15-30 years have an impact on food access and diet diversity? Using innovative research methods, FOODSECURE explores this question for a range of household types in the context of other drivers of food system outcomes, such as population growth, urbanisation, climate change and technological change, within a set of scenario storylines developed with a knowledgeable stakeholder audience. Next the session addresses the large unfinished agenda for nutrition action. Solutions to overcome the triple burden of undernourishment, malnutrition and overweight are related – from the individual to the system level – to how food is consumed, how it is distributed and processed, and to the way that crops are grown, livestock kept and land is cultivated and conserved. A policy frame is needed therefore, that links sustainable food systems to an agenda for improving diets and nutrition, and addresses the following component: dynamics of FNS over individual people’s lifetime, household, country and regional; resilience to short term shocks of households and communities; medium and long term sustainability of food consumption, distribution and production. A vision of the EU and other major players is needed to strengthen the international governance of FNS based on this improved policy frame.

Inequality and inclusiveness in foresight on food and nutrition security: scenarios and policy options by Lindsay Shutes (Wag. Econ. Research)

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Effective governance and accountability frameworks required for decision-making on food and nutrition security from the local to the global level by Thom Achterbosch (Wag. Econ. Research) and Sebastien Treyer (IDDRI)

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